You & Your Diet
Yes, Diet. We all cringe at the word, and you’ve probably had thoughts along the lines of “Well I don’t need to diet, I’m not a fitness junkie or a bodybuilder”, or “there’s just more of me to love” or “I’m not fat, just big boned”. The thing is, being overweight or unhealthy all boils down to your diet, and having a bad diet can effect far more than just your pants and shirt size. Your skin can develop problems, your hair may fall out because of the lack of good nutrients. So a diet isn’t just to lose weight but to keep your body maintained and running well but, the reality is that there’s actually not all that much out there, as far as dieting and what you should be eating goes.
So below are a few, 5 to be specific, of the top diets and a breakdown of what each is.
1. The Atkins Diet
The Atkins diet, AKA Atkins nutritional approach, focuses on the controlling of insulin levels in your body through a low intake of carbohydrates.
If one consumes large amounts of refined carbs, their insulin levels will rise but then plummet quickly. Raised insulin levels causes the body to use the energy from food consumed, rather than going to stored fat as an energy source.
So if you’re on the Atkins diet avoid carbs but you can eat as much protein and fat as you like. There are some risks involved when considering this diet, so speak to your doctor before diving in head first.
2. The Zone Diet
The Zone diet aims for a balanced nutritional intake of 40% carbs, 30% fats and 30% protein for each meal. This diet also focuses on controlling your insulin levels, which could possibly be more successful for weight loss and body weight control than other diets.
The Zone diet endorses the consuming of high-quality carbs and fats, so things like baby potatoes, olive oil, avocado, and nuts.
3. Ketogenic Diet
The Ketogenic Diet or Keto Diet has been used and has been around for ages to treat conditions like epilepsy and, is being explored to treat other things. This diet basically involves dropping your carb intake extremely low whilst increasing your fat intake by as mush as 3 times. It might sound incorrect logically, but it causes your body to burn fat as its fuel source, rather than the carbs you eat.
Copious amounts of healthy fats, found in avo, coconut, Brazil nuts, seeds, oily kinds of fish and olive oil are added to your diet to keep up the high amount of fat you need to consume.
This diet causes your fat deposits to broken down and be used as fuel, creating substances called ketones through a process known as ketosis. This diet has risks however, including ketoacidosis for people with type 1 diabetes, and may result in diabetic coma and death. There are studies around this diet and although these studies are still fairly new, there is some promising research in relation to diabetes management, metabolic health, weight loss, and body composition change.
4. Vegetarian Diet
There are actually many types of vegetarian diets, (lacto-vegetarian, fruitarian vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian, living food diet vegetarian, ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian)the majority however, are lacto-ovo vegetarians, so basically they don’t eat meat only. Over the last few years there have been studies conducted which have shown that vegetarians have a lower body weight, suffer less from diseases, and typically have a longer life expectancy than people who eat meat.
Vegans do not eat anything that is animal-based, like eggs, dairy, and honey. Vegans do not usually adopt veganism just for health reasons though, it is also for environmental, ethical, and compassionate reasons, so essentially, Veganism is more a way of life than a diet.
Vegans believe that modern intensive farming methods are bad for our environment and is not sustainable long term and that if everybody consumed a plant based diet, the environment would benefit, animals would suffer less, more food would be produced, and that people would enjoy better physical and mental health overall.